That impresses Guru Nayak and he tells the astrologer that he is out to seek out the man who stabbed him so that he can take the revenge; the astrologer then informs him that the man who stabbed him had died having been crushed under a lorry four months earlier and that Nayak's life was not safe so he should return to his village immediately and warns him not to travel in that direction again. Satisfied with the answer, Nayak gives him some coins and leaves feeling happy at the thought that the man he wanted to kill is already dead; the astrologer comes home and tells his wife that a big load was off his mind that day because he had discovered that the man he thought he had murdered years back in his native village and because of whom he had left home, was in fact alive.
He also realizes that Nayak had given him less money than he had promised. Though it is the story of a particular incident in the life of an astrologer, the major part of the story describes a day in the life of an astrologer in India who sits on the pavement to read palms to tell the future of men; the man has spread before him his Professional equipment which consists of cowry shells , Palmyra writing and mystic charts which he can not read. To add to that is his saffron-colored turban and his tilak which are enough to invite the trust of a common man who generally frequents this type of narrow road described in the story.
Till the time the reader encounters Guru Nayak, the description given of the astrologer is that of any roadside astrologer in a town; the man transacts his business purely on his wits and the ignorance of his clients. Moreover, what leads the reader to believe that this is the story of an astrologer is the fact that the author has not given him a name- he is simply referred to as The astrologer ; the title suggests that the reader is going to read about the life of an astrologer and that is what he learns about and in that respect, it is acclaimed as an appropriate title to the story.
Saffron Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus known as the "saffron crocus". The vivid crimson stigmata and styles, called threads, are collected and dried to be used as a seasoning and colouring agent in food. Saffron was long among the world's most costly spices by weight. Although some doubts remain on its origin, it is believed; however and Mesopotamia have been suggested as the possible region of origin of this plant. Saffron crocus propagated throughout much of Eurasia and was brought to parts of North Africa , North America , Oceania.
Saffron's taste and iodoform - or hay-like fragrance result from the chemicals picrocrocin and safranal , it contains a carotenoid pigment , which imparts a rich golden-yellow hue to dishes and textiles. Its recorded history is attested in a 7th-century BC Assyrian botanical treatise compiled under Ashurbanipal , it has been traded and used for over four millennia.
A degree of uncertainty surrounds the origin of the English word "saffron". It descends from the eastern Mediterranean autumn-flowering Crocus cartwrightianus, known as "wild saffron" and originated in Crete or Central Asia. As a genetically monomorphic clone, it propagated throughout much of Eurasia, it is a sterile triploid form, which means that three homologous sets of chromosomes compose each specimen's genetic complement.
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Being sterile, the purple flowers of C. A corm survives for one season, producing via this vegetative division up to ten "cormlets" that can grow into new plants in the next season. The compact corms are small, brown globules that can measure as large as 5 cm in diameter, have a flat base, are shrouded in a dense mat of parallel fibres. Corms bear vertical fibres and net-like, that grow up to 5 cm above the plant's neck; the plant sprouts 5 -- 11 non-photosynthetic leaves known as cataphylls.
These membrane-like structures cover and protect the crocus's 5 to 11 true leaves as they bud and develop; the latter are thin and blade-like green foliage leaves, which are 1—3 mm, in diameter, which either expand after the flowers have opened or do so with their blooming.
Its floral axes, or flower-bearing structures, bear bracteoles , or specialised leaves, that sprout from the flower stems.
After aestivating in spring, the plant sends up each up to 40 cm in length. Only in October, after most other flowering plants have released their seeds, do its brilliantly hued flowers develop. The flowers possess a honey-like fragrance. Upon flowering, the plants are 20 -- 30 cm in bear up to four flowers. A three-pronged style 25—30 mm in length, emerges from each flower; each prong terminates with a vivid crimson stigma.
The saffron crocus, unknown in the wild descends from Crocus cartwrightianus, it is a triploid, " self-incompatible " and male sterile.
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Irrigation is required if grown outside of moist environments such as Kashmir , where annual rainfall averages 1,—1, mm. What makes this possible is the timing of the local wet seasons. Rain preceding flowering boosts saffron yields. Persistently damp and hot conditions harm the crops, rabbits and birds cause damage by digging up corms.
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Nematodes , leaf rusts , corm rot pose other threats. Yet Bacillus subtilis inoculation may provide some benefit to growers by speeding corm growth and increasing stigma biomass yield; the plants fare poorly in shady conditions. Fields that slope towards the sunlight are optimal.
Planting is done in June in the Northern Hemisphere , where corms are lodged 7—15 cm deep. Tilaka In Hinduism , the tilaka is a mark worn on the forehead, sometimes other parts of the body such as neck, hand or chest. Tilaka may be worn on a daily basis or for rites of passage or special religious occasions only, depending on regional customs; the term refers to the Hindu ritual of marking someone's forehead with a fragrant paste , such as of sandalwood or vermilion , as a welcome and expression of honor when they arrive.
The tilaka is a mark created by the application of paste on the forehead. Tilakas are vertical markings worn by Vaishnavites ; the Vaishnava tilaka consists of a long vertical marking starting from just below the hairline to the end of one's nose tip, they are known as Urdhva Pundra. It is intercepted in the middle by an elongated U.
There may be two marks on the temples as well; this tilaka is traditionally made with sandalwood paste. The other major tilaka variant is worn by the followers of Shiva , known by the names of Rudra-tilaka and Tripundra , it consists of three horizontal bands across the forehead with a single vertical band or circle in the middle. This is traditionally done with sacred ash from fire sacrifices.
This variant is the more ancient of the two and shares many common aspects with similar markings worn across the world. Shaktas , worshippers of the various forms of the Goddess, wear a large red dot of kumkum on the forehead. The second streak of ash is a reminder of Dakshinagni, the sound U of Om, Sattva guna, the atmosphere, the inner self, Iccha — the power of will, the Yajurveda , midday Soma extraction, Sadashiva.
The third streak is the Ahavaniya, the M syllable in Om, the Tamas guna, Svarga — heaven, the Paramatman — the highest self, Jnana — the power of knowledge, the Samaveda , Soma extraction at dusk, Shiva. The Vasudeva Upanishad , a Vaishnava tradition text explains the significance of three vertical lines in Urdhva Pundra Tilaka to be a reminder of Brahma, Shiva.
Different Hindu traditions shapes to make the tilaka. Saivites mark their Tilak using vibhuti in three horizontal lines across the forehead. Along with the three horizontal lines, a bindu of sandalwood paste or a dot of red kumkum in the centre completes the Tilaka. Vaishnavas apply a Tilak with vermillion , sandalwood paste, or latter two mixed, they apply the material in two vertical lines, which may be connected at the bottom, forming a simple U shape with an additional vertical red marking in the shape of a tulsi leaf inside the U shape.
Their tilaka is called the Urdhva Pundra. See Srivaishnava Urdhva Pundra , the Srivaishnava tilaka. Ganapatya use red sandal paste.
Shaktas use powdered red turmeric , they dot. Honorary tilakas Raja tilaka and Vira tilaka are applied as a single vertical red line.
Raja tilaka will be used while inviting prominent personalities. Vira tilaka is used to anoint leaders after a war or a game. Swaminarayana tilaka is U-shaped in the middle of forehead along with the red dot in the middle of U. Sikhs apply the tilaka as well; the Darshan Darbar devotees apply red tilaka to the forehead. This tilaka is a long red mark veritically applied.
Saint Baba Budha ji applied tilaka to the first five Sikh Gurus. Jains use Tilaka to mark the forehead of Jaina images during Puja ceremonies. Christians in India use Tilaka, both during their worship rites.
Hindus use the Tilaka ceremony, as a mark of honor and welcome to guests, something special or someone special, it may be used, for same reason, to mark idols at the start of a Puja, to mark a rock or tree before it is cut or removed from its original place for artisan work, or a new piece of property. The choice of style is not mandated in Hindu texts, it is left to the individual and the regional culture, leading to many versions. The known styles include Vijayshree — white tilaka urdhwapundra with a white line in the middle, founded by Swami Balanand of Jaipur.
Sharma has. Narayan highlights the social context and everyday life of his characters, he has been compared to William Faulkner who created a similar fictional town and explored with humour and compassion the energy of ordinary life. Narayan's short stories have been compared with those of Guy de Maupassant because of his ability to compress a narrative. In a career that spanned over sixty years Narayan received many awards and honours including the AC Benson Medal from the Royal Society of Literature , the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan , India's third and second highest civilian awards.
He was nominated to the Rajya Sabha , the upper house of India's parliament.
Narayan was born in Madras , British India , he was one of eight children. Narayan was second among the sons, his father was a school headmaster, Narayan did some of his studies at his father's school.
Short Story Analysis – An Astrologer’s Day. – Swarnava Sayan Bhadra
As his father's job entailed frequent transfers, Narayan spent a part of his childhood under the care of his maternal grandmother, Parvati. During this time his best friends and playmates were a mischievous monkey, his grandmother gave him the nickname of A name that stuck to him in family circles. She taught him arithmetic, classical Indian music and Sanskrit.